Peripheral Artery Disease
What is PAD?
Peripheral arteries are the vessels that carry blood throughout the body to the head, abdomen, arms and legs. Peripheral artery disease (PAD), sometimes referred to as peripheral vascular disease, is a narrowing of arteries due to the buildup of plaque that results in poor blood flow to any of these areas. Plaque buildup, or atherosclerosis, occurs over time and is accentuated by risk factors like smoking, lack of exercise, obesity, high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Evidence of PAD in the body is a likely indicator of heart disease and can be considered a warning sign of increased risk for heart attack or stroke.
Who should be screened?
Peripheral artery disease often has no symptoms, which is why anyone over the age of 50 – or younger people with known risk factors like obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol or smoking – should be screened for the disease.
When will I know my results?
During the tests, our staff of professionals provide you with immediate results and answer any questions you may have. They will explain the causes of atherosclerosis, its risk factors and how it can be prevented. After the exam, the results are sent directly to you and your family physician–if requested–for follow–up care, if necessary.
How is PAD treated?
Peripheral artery disease is typically treated with lifestyle changes, medications or a combination of both. Smoking cessation, diet and nutritional modifications, and increased exercise are controllable activities that can have a significant impact in preventing PAD. In some cases of more advanced disease, narrowed arteries may be re-opened with angioplasty or bypass surgery.
What are the costs of PAD screening?
Each screening costs $40 or $100 for all three. Insurance does not cover these screenings.